Toothache: Causes, Treatments, and Prevention

Toothache Causes, Treatments, and Prevention

Toothache can come in several forms of pain depending on which teeth. These pains include a throbbing dull pain either in the jaw or tooth, sharp pin pains when eating, and swelling around the area where it is affected. In most cases, toothaches come and go with symptoms such as fever and mild or severe headaches.

In some cases, the pain may disappear for a while or completely, this doesn’t mean the problem is over, they often come back again with certain toothache symptoms, and need a dentist to investigate.

Do you have a toothache? See a dentist

When you have toothaches, the symptoms may underline a more severe problem which can get worse and that is why u need to get treatment. Toothache doesn’t usually go away on its own, staying a long time before seeing a dentist can make it worst. The dentist will examine the tooth, find the cause of toothache before prescribing, or recommend toothache treatment.

Symptoms of a toothache

All the pains and signs associated with the symptoms of a toothache are in the tooth and mouth, the vary depending on the areas and can manifest in various ways. These includes:

  • A constant, sharp, and throbbing pain
  • Pain from putting pressure on the teeth
  • Pain from swelling gums
  • Pains caused by infections in the root
  • Having a headache or fever
  • Having a bad taste in the mouth
pain relief

What are the triggers of a toothache

Toothache usually doesn’t just occur, there are triggers and all are associate either by what you eat or how good you take care of the teeth. Some of the triggers of a toothache are:

Easting cold food or cold drinks

Cold drinks or food like ice cream and cold water, these things can make the pain worse.

Too many sweet things

Eating sugary food and drinks can also cause tooth decay. Many food and drinks we consume are filled with sugary stuff which is dangerous to health.

When biting down

This is when the tooth is pushed down the socket due to injury caused by external or unnatural forces.

Putting pressure

This happens mostly due to grinding of the teeth especially for people who grind while sleeping.

What are the causes of a toothache

Toothache can be caused by tooth decay caused by a plague that may have affected the enamel.

Gum disease

Gum disease is when a plague has affected underneath the gum damaging the bone that supports the tooth causing it to lose.


Abscess, a gum disease that causes the tooth to decay and can lead to abscess to form, and spread infection around the tooth causing you so much pain.


Trauma can be caused by cracked or broken tooth causing a pulp and infection.


Impaction is common with wisdom teeth and it is when the tooth is not fully grown causing irritation and pains around the nerves.

Teeth grinding

Teeth grinding, is when you continuously grind your tooth causing it to wear out, this will expose the middle layer of the tooth that is sensitive.

Teeth misalignment

Teeth misalignment is when the teeth is not aligned properly putting too much pressure on the tooth that is not properly align and causes pain.

Treatment for a toothache

If you are having any of the symptoms of a toothache mentioned earlier, you should see your dentist and there are treatments that the dentist can prescribe.

Untreated toothache can lead to infections and irreversible damages, this is why immediately you begin to feel any discomfort or pain with your canal see the dentist.

You need to see the dentist if you have toothache which has lasted more than two days. If you are experiencing pains or discomfort, having fever, ear pain when opening the mouth, see a dentist.

Forms of treatments for toothache

Toothache: Dental filling

Dental filling involves the filling of the cavity which is a hole formed in the teeth or chipped tooth damages. Read a complete article about dental filling treatment.

Toothache: Crown tooth

A crown filling is tooth-shaped, usually placed on all visible portions of the tooth and as a permanent remedy. A replacement for a damaged tooth. Read a complete article about crown tooth treatment.

Toothache: Gum disease

The gum disease is the most common tooth infection which affects the tissues around the tooth. Gum disease causes the gum to swell, turn redness, and pain. Read a complete article about gum disease treatment.

Toothache: Root canal

A root canal is a tooth treatment caused by inflammation or infection which are inside the tooth, it is done by cleaning and filling inside the tooth. Read a complete article about root canal treatment.

Toothache: Tooth removal

The tooth removal/extraction usually occurs when the damaged tooth can not be repaired either by filling or crown (artificial tooth). Read a complete article about tooth removal treatment.

Toothache: Orthodontic treatment

Orthodontic treatment is used to rearrange and align a crowded set of teeth so they align with each other. Orthodontic is also known as teeth straightening. This involves inserting braces or aligners onto the teeth to further straighten them. Read a complete article about orthodontic treatment.

Toothache pain relief

  • The first attempt for toothache pain relief is to visit a dentist. But if this is not immediately possible, then taken painkillers should help relieve the pain. Over the counter pain relief should help ease any discomfort especially if sleeping is difficult due to pains.
  • Try salt water gargling to help reduce swelling and to remove bacteria in the mouth. To do this, you should add a teaspoon on salt in water then gargle it for five seconds, but do not drink or swallow the salt water.
  • Using ice on against your cheek can help numb the pain, but not directly on the tooth as doing this can increase sensitivity.
  • You could also try toothache home remedy to help reduce paind from toothache, and in most case eradicate the problem if its not so serious. Remember to visit your dentist so the problem can be rectify.

Prevention of toothache

  • How to prevent toothache in most cases is to practice good hygiene of the tooth.
  • Brush the teeth twice daily for 2 minutes.
  • Floss the teeth at least once a day. Try this water flossing device.
  • Go for regular checks with your dentist.
  • Regular checks with the dentist will help find any build-up of plaque and tartar and remove them to prevent gum disease.
  • Use mouthwash to always wash your mouth especially after eating.
  • Reduce eating or drinking sugary things.
  • Stop smoking. Try this Nicorette inhalator to help quit smoking. For help to quit smoking visit
toothache preventions

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